Solutions to the contemporary incoherencies and deficiencies between landscape and urbanism are elucidated in the framework of landscape urbanism, and further developed through ecological urbanism.
Landscape urbanism entails a restructure amongst designers and practitioners across all disciplines; a readjustment of philosophies and approaches associated with disconnected disciplinary networks and developments. In addition, landscape urbanism reorients the conventional fabric of the city by engaging a connection between programmatic function and infrastructure within a specific boundary; considering each operating constituent both as a separate entity and a component to a collective process.
While landscape urbanism calls for a reinterpretation of vital infrastructures—ecological urbanism offers a more developed approach to urbanism that suggests an urban framework underlined by ecology. This movement is ideal to the contemporary world because it is socially inclusive and sensitive to the environment; a more holistic approach to the overall design and management of the urban context.
Moreover, landscape urbanism embraces a principle that parallels the framework supporting ecological urbanism: nature is a cultural construct—an idea in which the characteristics people attribute to such social categories as gender, illness, death, status of women, and status of men is culturally defined. Nature is traditionally recognized as pristine wilderness. Establishing nature as a pristine entity within the landscape enhances the disconnection between landscape and urbanism—it supports a manufactured vision that fragments the public perception of nature. Pristine wilderness is no longer a feasible construct in contemporary urban environments; nature exists in the crevices and voids of the urban context. With that said, nature must be exposed in its current condition, and the cultural manifestation of nature within the urban context requires absolute reinvention.
Ecological urbanism involves the establishment of new principles and aesthetics of the urban context, with a great emphasis on ecology—addressing relationships between all organisms and the environment.
Regenerative design can be defined as a biomimicry of ecosystems, capable of providing for all human processes while performing as a viable ecological system. A regenerative archetype includes processes that restore, renew or revitalize their own sources of energy and materials. Ecological urbanism is coherent with regeneration because of its ecologically driven framework. Ecological urbanism seeks to implement regenerating systems that integrate the needs of society with the veracity of nature at the scale of the city. This movement intertwines ecological processes and natural ecosystems with social behavior to produce both livable and functional habitats.